|Chinese name||['black' 'dragon' 'river']|
|Main Industries||coal, timber, oil|
The far North-East of China is a land of long, hard winters and short summers. It borders Russia for about 2,000 kms along the Heilongjiang river (called Amur by the Russians). Border disputes with Russia flared up in 1969, historically the region of Manchuria stretched much further north-east but was ceded in 1858 and 1860. It is the Manchu people who ruled China during the Qing dynasty. During the Sino-Japanese War, the Japanese set up a separate state of Manchuria under the last Qing emperor Puyi.
It has rich oil and coal reserves including the famous Daqing oilfield. Harbin is one of Chinese biggest and most important industrial cities in China.
Songhua Jiang, Heilongjiang after snow on the frozen river
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