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xia : down Pinyinxià (fourth tone)
Englishdown; below
Contrary to what it looks like this sounds like 'hsyah' a tricky sound for English speakers

The pair of characters for up (shang) and down are examples of the beauty of the picture representation of an abstract relation. The characters still convey with absolute economy the intended concept of downwards.

xià yuè
xia : down; below ge : 'thing' yue : moon; month
below [of] month = Last month

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