Tang Dynasty 618-907

The Tang is seen as a golden age of Chinese power and culture. The unification of the Sui, for once, lasted for a long time and the dynastic founder Gaozu (born as Li Yuan) managed to achieve a peaceful succession to his son Taizong. Taizong is revered as one of the great emperors of China with a keen intelligence and appetite for hard work.

The capital Changan (near Xian) became one of the first great cities in the World. It covered 30 square miles and had one million people within the walls and about the same number outside. The City was arranged in a grid pattern, each square of the grid was a self contained unit locked at night. China extended its territory to Tibet and Korea. It limited the advance of the Muslim armies from the West and was a period of learning and high art. A new criminal code was instituted and porcelain started production in quantity and fine quality. The open examination system for entry into the civil service was revitalised.

Wu Zetian is the only acknowledged Empress of China in her own right, although it is true to say that some other emperors were firmly under the control of their wives. Engineering prowess was proven by such feats as an iron chain bridge over the Yellow River at Pujin greatly improving communication in 706AD.

After 750 the power and vitality of the Tang dynasty ebbed away. Attacks from Tibet and Yunnan was a persistent external threat but internal provincial rivalry again weakened central government. The powerful and wealthy Buddhist monasteries were suppressed in 845. The imperial eunuchs became more powerful and were the effective rulers in the last years. Eventually internal strife led to fifty years of turmoil with the Five Dynasties period.

See Also : Map of China during the Tang Dynasty

Emperors

Gaozu618-626
Taizong 626-649
Gaozong649-683
Zhongzong684, 705-710
Ruizong684-690, 710-712
Wu Zetian690-705
Xuanzong712-756
Suzong756-762
Daizong762-779
Dezong779-805
Shunzong805
Xianzong 805-820
Muzong 820-824
Jingzong 824-827
Wenzong827-840
Wuzong840-846
Xuanzong846-859
Yizong859-873
Xizong873-888
Zhaozong888-904
Aidi [Zhaoxuan]904-907

Gold Tang bowl
Gold lotus-shaped bowl with traced decoration
Covered all over by a ring-matted ground, the bowl is embossed with two layers of lotus petals, each bearing a traced design of either mandarin duck, parrot, deer or some other animal with floral scrolls. The bottom is incised with a composite flower design while a traced design of a flying bird and several rolling clouds decorate the space inside the ring-foot. An ink inscription of three chracters inside the bowl reads: “nine and a half 'liang' (ounces)” Tang dynasty (AD 618-907) Diameter 13.5cms Unearthed in 1970 at Xina, Shanxi province.

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China sage guide to Tang dynasty

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